How to File Harassment Charges Against a Debt Collector

Title: How to File Harassment Charges Against a Debt Collector


Dealing with debt collectors can be a stressful experience, especially when they resort to harassment tactics to collect payments. Fortunately, there are legal protections in place to safeguard consumers from such behavior. This article aims to guide you through the process of filing harassment charges against a debt collector, ensuring you can assert your rights and find relief from their unwarranted actions.

Understanding Harassment by Debt Collectors:

Debt collectors are required to follow strict guidelines outlined by the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). It prohibits them from engaging in harassment, abuse, or any unfair practices to collect debts. Harassment can include constant phone calls, threats, use of offensive language, misrepresentation, or revealing your debt to others without your consent.

Filing Harassment Charges:

1. Gather evidence: Keep a detailed record of every instance of harassment, including dates, times, and details of communication. Save any voicemails, letters, or text messages received from the debt collector.

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2. Consult an attorney: Seek legal advice from an attorney who specializes in debt collection and consumer protection laws. They can guide you through the legal process and help build a strong case against the debt collector.

3. File a complaint with regulatory authorities: Lodge a complaint with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) or your state’s attorney general’s office. Provide them with all the evidence you have collected, and they will investigate the matter on your behalf.

4. Consider a cease and desist letter: If the harassment persists, you may send a cease and desist letter to the debt collector, demanding that they stop contacting you. Be sure to send it via certified mail with a return receipt to have proof of delivery.

5. Document any further harassment: If the debt collector continues to harass you after receiving the cease and desist letter, record the instances and provide this evidence to your attorney and regulatory authorities.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Can a debt collector contact me at any time of the day?
No, debt collectors are prohibited from contacting you before 8 a.m. or after 9 p.m., unless you have given them permission to do so.

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2. Can a debt collector call my workplace?
Generally, a debt collector can contact your workplace unless you have informed them, in writing, that such calls are not allowed.

3. What legal actions can I take if a debt collector harasses me?
You can file a complaint with regulatory authorities, such as the CFPB or your state’s attorney general’s office. You may also consider consulting an attorney to explore potential legal action against the debt collector.

4. Can a debt collector threaten me with legal action?
No, debt collectors cannot threaten you with actions they are not legally permitted to take or do not intend to take. Such threats are considered harassment.

5. Will filing harassment charges against a debt collector stop collection efforts?
No, filing harassment charges does not automatically stop collection efforts. However, it helps protect your rights and may deter the debt collector from further harassment.

6. Can debt collectors contact my friends or family members about my debt?
Debt collectors are not allowed to discuss your debt with anyone other than you, your spouse, or your attorney. Revealing your debt to others without your consent is a violation of the FDCPA.

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7. Can I sue a debt collector for harassment?
Yes, if a debt collector has violated the FDCPA by engaging in harassment, you may have grounds to sue them. Consult an attorney to assess the strength of your case and explore legal options.


Filing harassment charges against a debt collector is an essential step to protect yourself from abusive collection practices. By gathering evidence, seeking legal advice, and filing complaints with regulatory authorities, you can assert your rights and hold the debt collector accountable for their actions. Remember to consult an attorney to guide you through the process and explore potential legal actions to seek relief from harassment.

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